Red Cross Society was formed in the Geneva Convention of 1864. The experiences of Mr. Jean Henri Dunant, a Young Swiss businessman, in the battle field at solferino, Italy where the Franco Austrian war was occurred in 1859, made him to publish the book “Memory of Solferino”. The touching experience of Henri Dunant which was narrated in the book raised the conscience of the heads of nations and resulted in convening the Geneva Convention of 1864, which established the International Red Cross Movement.
As an honor for the country Switzerland and the originator of the idea, Henri Dunant, the Geneva Convention of 1864 selected the emblem of the movement by reversing the Swiss national flag (Red Cross white background instead of white cross in red background).Lady, Clara Burton made the organization as today. Today Red Cross society is ready to help the people who are suffering from earthquake, flood, fire, natural calamities etc.
Seven Fundamental Principles of Red Cross
1. Humanity : The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, born of a desire to bring assistance without discrimination to the wounded on the battlefield, endeavors, in its international and national capacity, to prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found. Its purpose is to protect life and health and to ensure respect for the human being. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation and lasting peace amongst all peoples.
2. Impartiality : It makes no discrimination as to nationally, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. It endeavors to relieve the suffering of individuals, being solely by their needs, and to give priority to the most urgent cases of distress.
3. Neutrality : In orders to enjoy the confidence of all, the Movement may not take sides in hostilities or engage in controversies of a political, racial, religious or ideological nature.
4. Independence : The Movement is independent. The National Societies, while auxiliaries in the humanitarian services of their governments and subject to the laws of their respective countries, must always maintain their autonomy so that they may be able at all times to act in accordance with the principles of the Movement.
5.Voluntary service : It is voluntary relief movement not prompted in any manner by desire for gain.
6. Unity : There can be only one Red Cross Or Red Crescent in any one country. It must be open to all. It must carry on its humanitarian work throughout its territory.
7. Universality : The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in which all societies have equal status and share equal responsibilities and duties in helping each other, is worldwide.
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